The Marriage Model with Search Frictions

“The Marriage Model with Search Frictions”, Smith (Journal of Political Economy, 2006)

Consider a heterogeneous agent matching model in which the payoff of each matched individual is a fixed function of both partners’ types. In a 1973 article, Becker showed that assortative matching arises in a frictionless setting simply if everyone prefers higher partners. This paper shows that if finding partners requires time-consuming search and individuals are impatient, then productive interaction matters. Matching is positively assortative—higher types match with higher sets of types—when the proportionate gains from having better partners rise in one’s type. With multiplicatively separable payoffs, these proportionate gains are constant in one’s type, and “block segregation” arises, a common finding of the literature.

In the figure below, at left is the unique search equilibrium with the supermodular function f(x,y)=x+xy+y of the agents types x,y, and at right the uniquesearch equilibrium for the log-supermodular production function e^{xy}.

NTU Nonsorting & Sorting
Related blog post: Do Hotties Match with Hotties? Becker’s Assortative Matching Tested via Facebook and

Sylvester Stallone (1976) on the importance of strategic complements in the marriage model. Sly had has this wonderful metaphor in Rocky: “I dunno, she’s got gaps, I got gaps, together we fill gaps.”